Differentiating pathways of neighborhood change in 50 U.S. Metropolitan Areas
Transportation Cluster’s Invited Speaker:
Elizabeth Delmelle, Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of North Carolina – Charlotte
Friday. 10.Mar.2017. 3:00-5:00pm.
SS2125. 100 St. George Street
Tea. Coffee. Cookies.
ABSTRACT: Empirical studies on the pathways of neighborhood change are making great strides with advancements in methodologies and the availability of longitudinal datasets. This body of work holds the potential to test longstanding theories on how the neighborhood change process has unfolded and it offers a new opportunity for developing theories that better represent neighborhood dynamics in the current landscape of rapid suburbanization, back to the city movements, and deindustrialization. I contribute to this line of research by differentiating the longitudinal pathways of change across multiple attribute dimensions for neighborhoods in 50 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), covering a 30 year time span. The distribution of neighborhood trajectories is then examined both within and between MSAs. The trajectory grouping method identifies 34 dominant sequences of change throughout the country featuring two distinct pathways of change: a white-flight type process aligning with life-cycle theories of change predominant in neighborhoods consisting of single family housing, and an alternate path driven by an influx of new, largely foreign born residents where multi-family housing is present. Cities are grouped into classes based on the similarity of their neighborhood composition and the spatial arrangement of neighborhood types is analyzed using a spatial clustering procedure to determine which types of neighborhoods are most concentrated, which are likely to co-exist in space and which are likely to be dispersed from one another.
BIO: Elizabeth Delmelle is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Geography and Earth Science at the University of North Carolina – Charlotte, and the Chair of the Transportation Geography Specialty Group of the AAG. Dr. Delmelle’s research interests lie within two general fields of application: urban and neighborhood dynamics and urban transportation. Her work on neighborhood dynamics has sought to understand how and why neighborhoods change according to their multidimensional quality of life or socioeconomic complexion. This research has employed a variety of statistical and computational techniques to understand space-time patterns of change. On the transportation side, Dr. Delmelle has worked in the area of bicycle and pedestrian safety, performing spatial analyses of bicycle crash locations and comparing neighborhood-level risk factors between bicyclists and pedestrians. Finally, she is interested in spatial accessibility and spatial equity as it relates to public transport.
Intersections: Lectures, etc. Department of Geography and Planning, University of Toronto